Active/Collaborative Learning Student Teams Integrating Technology Effectively Women and Minorities Assessment and Evaluation EC2000 Emerging Technology Foundation Coalition Curricula Concept Inventories
 
 
 
 
 
Team Training
 

Comparison of "teams" and "groups"

A group is a collection of people. A team is a group with a common goal that can only be met by interdependence and collaboration.

Use of teams

  • In Industry/Business
    • Management teams
    • Continuous quality improvement teams
    • Design/build teams
  • In Academia
    • Cooperative learning teams
    • Project-course teams
    • Design-course teams
      • Technical multi-disciplinary teams (EE, IE, BioE, etc.)
      • Cross-functional teams (Eng'r, Law, Marketing, etc.)

Classification of tasks

  • Is the task divisible or unitary?
  • Is the goal of the task to optimize quality or to maximize quantity?
  • How are an individual's efforts related to team's performance?
    • Additive
    • Discretionary
    • Conjunctive

Teams are vital when the tasks are divisible, optimizing, and conjunctive. Tasks like these include:

  • Effective meetings
  • Strategic planning
  • Implementing innovation

Characteristics of teams

Stage Major processes Characteristics
Forming

Exchange of information

Task exploration

Identification of commonalities

Tentative interactions

Polite discourse

Concern over ambiguity

Storming

Disagreement over procedures

Expression of dissatisfaction

Emotional responses

Criticism of ideas

Poor attendance

Polarization

Norming

Establishment of standards, relationships

Growth of cohesiveness

Agreement on procedures

Reduction in role-ambiguity

Performing

Goal achievement

Emphasis on performance and production

Decision making, problem solving

Mutual cooperation

Adjourning

Completion of tasks

Reduction of dependency

Disintegration

Increasing independence

 
 

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